Scales

These are the scales I use. Scales with double flats or double sharps are avoided. I know them but will use Db over C#, B over Cb and E over Fb etc… The only place I reference them is in chord construction. C# is an easy scale to remember because every note is sharp. Cb is another easy scale because every note is flat. C major has no sharps or flats, C# is all sharps and Cb is all flats. Once you know the major scales you know the relative minor scales too. Minor scales start on the 6th note of the major scale. For example: C Major is C D E F G A B C and Am is A B C D E F G A. Modes is another discussion for another page.


Major Scales

  • Ab Bb C D Eb F G Ab (minor F)
  • A B C# D E F# G# A (minor F#)
  • Bb C D Eb F G A Bb (minor G)
  • B C# D# E F# G# A# B (minor G#)
  • C D E F G A B C (minor A)
  • Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db (minor Bb)
  • D E F# G A B C# D (minor B)
  • Eb F G Ab Bb C D Eb (minor C)
  • E F# F# A B C# D# E (minor C#)
  • F G A Bb C D E F (minor D)
  • F# G# A# B C# D# E# F# (minor D#)
  • Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb (minor Eb)
  • G A B C D E F# G (minor E)

Guitarists are lucky, we can tune down a half step to play in Eb or F#/Gb then just play in E and G. We just got to make sure to tune back up or better yet have two guitars!